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Every file starts with 32 00 00 00, which we can assume to be a file version or ID number.

  • The first INT is a version number / id.
  • The file is read as a series of signed integers.
  • At the beginning of a file, there is an offset table.
  • The offsets are in DWORD units, so multiply each value by 4 for the byte offset.

You can tell how big it is because it stops at the first offset listed.

  • offsets divide the file into chunks.
  • The first 49 chunks of each file are the same for every CTL file, thereafter they are different.

This, along with the fact that there appear to be two types of integer token, those with bit 15 set and those without, leads me to believe that this is scripting code (with 49 script functions that are common to each map).

The effect of moving units around is also a reasonable outcome of this hypothesis, since the areas that the units moved to are those specified in the BTB. i.e. the traders and goblins swapped and didn't move to random areas. So the scripts may be moving units between predefined points

Further Actions

Olly:Simple Tests using the CTL file other Maps, has shown that CTL files dictate where the starting points of enemy AI units are. Although in early testing, it appears that it may dictate where off map units are placed. For example, swapping B204.CTL with B101.CTL produced:


As can be seen, the Goblins have now started in the Village and the Peasants are now up on the Cliff. More tests to follow, as all information will contribute to the Map Editor and beyond. Therefore allowing new Single Player Campaigns to be created, where the enenmy, who can already be switched between Races will now be able to appear in different locations, that will catch even the most experienced Player out.

Mikademus: There is another interpretation of your test. In B1_01 the second wave are actually located outside the legal map area below the ridge in the village region, and they are moved to the top of the ridge when activated. Their original position can be seen by using the BRINGEMON and LOOKLIVELY start menu codes, and holding CTRL in the game. Therefore, they may be repositioned, or simply activated.
Nonetheless, we know, if this is script codes in some way, that the script must contain at the very least (1) enemy unit IDs, a REPOSITION command, an ACTIVATE command (unless this is implicit in positioning a unit inside or outside the legal map area), and a position definition. Mikademus 11:25, 30 August 2008 (UTC)

Conjectured OPCODEs

About number of parameters

It seems of not all then quite few of the opcodes takes a variable number of arguments. Opcodes taking zero of one, one to two, and one to three arguments have been observed. Most opcodes do seem stable, but this cannot be assumed to be anything but chance or coding practice. Opcodes should be assumed to take a variable number of arguments.

Opcodes taking many parameters

There seem to be four opcodes that takes three arguments

0x808b - relatively frequent. Note that 808c takes two arguments and 808a one. Relation?
0x8098 - See f.i. common segment 18
0x8099 - Found in SPARE9 seg. 42 (note that 42 is a common argument in SPARE9 and seg 42 is
         a relatively large function. Relevant?)
0x80ec - Found in SPARE9 seg 58 (last seg)

There is apparently only one opcode that takes four arguments

0x80bf - quite uncommon. Found in SPARE9 seg. 25

Code structure

Flow control?

0x74 0x75 - Most frequent, IF and ENDIF?
0x76 0x78 - Also candidates for IF/ENDIF. See seg 12 and 13 in any CTL file
0x77 0x79 - If these are DO and LOOP then 0x78 could be BREAK


803c      - CTL 1   (803c opcode seems to Always have same two arguments (f0 and 0) = 240 0 (Tested Spare9, B1_01, B2_04, B5_01B)
803d      - CTL 1   (803d opcode seems to Always have same argument 66  =  102    this opcode doesnt appear in all CTL files.
This last one isn't true - 803d has arguments 102, 103, 104, 105 in the common function 0. Rob 17:30, 23 January 2009 (UTC)
8030 seems to always have one huge argument, f.i. 67M, 71M etc. Bitset?
802c seems to always take 4008h or a000h as arguments. Are 4008h and a000h tokens?
802e seems to always have 2000h or nothing as argument. Is 2000h a token?
80cf seems to always take 200000h as argument. 

Possible special tokens

0abc - Always follows opcodes 8011, 8012 and 8013. However, also found unbound, f.i. in seg in 
       the sequence 8085 1abc 0abc. Could if be a NOP marker? The moniker for FALSE? 
       Esp. see SPARE9 seg 25.

1abc - always follows on 8075. Perhaps a moniker for TRUE?

These are also sometimes found


Confirmed OPCODEs

0x80ae: This opcode controls sounds. By changing the argument, you can make Klaus say different things in the tutorial. Rob

The commands seemingly to do with voices above seems to be
I'm not certain if the "WHMTG*" commands are only used in the cutscenes, but if so then 0x80AE must be WH_Narration. Mikademus 18:33, 15 December 2009 (UTC)
It looks like 0x80ae uses the portrait of the unit with Script Id 0 (see BTB article). Klaus has id 0 and on Trading Post by changing id of archer from 2 to 0 (and normal gob 0 to 2) the Archer says the text (instead of Night Gobbo) --Ghabry 16:09, 16 December 2009 (UTC)

And the ScriptId also defines what function is called. If a unit has Id 3 "func 3" is used. I proof this theory by looking at the script Ids of the 3 peasants of the trading post. There 3 funcs are (nearly completly) equal, same for the 4 Training dummies in the Tutorial. And func 0 is extreme huge in the Tutorial because Klaus has lots of things to do.
Allied units have all Id 100. I'm not sure if the engine does something different with this Id for allied units.
The initial starting points of enemy units (outside of the map) does also have Ids that collide (are equal) to the Script Ids of the enemies. But swapping the Ids hadn't changed the spawn location, need further investigation. --Ghabry 16:16, 16 December 2009 (UTC)

A Goblin Unit (Spotz UnitID = 131 in B101NME.ARM) that has its ScriptID altered to 100 in B101.BTB file block 6000 String 503 Record 13 (Indentified by Record 12 UnitID 131)but also with its Allignment set to Good in WH32Edit - Results in being able to Control the first Night Goblin Unit, as an additional Unit. ctlgoblincontrollable.jpg ctlspotz2.jpg Shows Morgan (Record 12 integer 1 with Script Record 13 integer 100)and Spotz also made Controllable by altering script Record 13 to 100. ScriptID = 100 = Controllable by Player Script -confirmed Robs Suggested test. --Olly 00:55, 18 December 2009 (UTC)

Multiplayer can be scripted. But the engine rewrites all units on startup to func 100 (why do you do this to us Devs :() (and the BTB Ids to 1-15 and 101-115, ignoring the UUId). So we can only add a simple melee AI by adding a goto 0 e.g. to .func 100. Maybe its possible to haxx this crap out :/ --Ghabry 23:52, 26 December 2009 (UTC)

Can CTL read BTB-Section <3000>?

Maybe somebody remembers Section <3000>. The only known value was (3, 1, 0) (Mission ends if unit with Id1 (Morgan) dies)

Maybe some these tuples are used to change the behaviour of the ctl-stdlib-functions.


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